Security recommendations

3 minute readSecurity

Operations center uses the standard Jenkins security model. In other words there are two axes to security:

  • The security realm: Responsible for identifying the user and reporting on any groups that are defined in the security realm to which the user belongs.

  • The authorization strategy: Responsible for determining the set of permissions that an identified user has on any specific object within the Jenkins object tree.

There are three modes you can select between with CloudBees Jenkins Operations Center:

  1. All Jenkins client controllers are independent and can choose their own security realms and authorization strategies.

  2. All Jenkins client controllers will be forced to delegate their security realm to the operations center but can choose their own authorization strategies.

  3. All Jenkins client controllers will be forced to delegate their security realm to the operations center and will be forced to use the same authorization strategy configuration as the operations center.

Finally, authorization strategies that are operations center-aware (at the time of writing the only such authorization strategy is the CloudBees Role Based Access Control Plugin) can contextualize the authorization strategy configuration of individual client controllers based on the context within operations center that the client controller is defined in.

Securing your CloudBees CI instance is managed on the Security page; go to Manage Jenkins  Security. CloudBees recommends configuring the following settings to provide the greatest functionality, flexibility, and secure setup of your CloudBees CI instance.

recommended security configuration
Figure 1. Recommended security configuration
Table 1. Security configuration settings
Label Field Description/Recommendation


Security Realm

Select a security realm that integrates with external company systems and are part of the CloudBees Assurance Program (CAP).

CloudBees does not recommend selecting Jenkins' own user database or Delegate to servlet container.



Select the CloudBees Role Based Access Control Plugin as the authorization strategy.

Authorization strategies such as Anyone can do anything, Legacy mode or Logged in users can do anything should be used with extreme caution.


Markup Formatter

The default Plain text markup formatter is safe, but does not support any formatting. For more formatting options, choose OWASP Markup Formatter Plugin, which allows use of a safe subset of HTML.


CSRF Protection

The default value for this setting, Default Crumb Issuer, is safe. If you need more flexible options, consider using Strict crumb issuer. However, this plugin is not supported in CAP.


Connected controller on-controller executors

Enforce 0 on-controller executors as jobs running on a controller to prevent jobs running on the controller from modifying the controller’s configuration.


Security setting enforcement

Select Single Sign-On (security realm and authorization strategy) for the security settings enforcement policy.

This option requires that all controllers have a well configured Jenkins URL (set in Manage Jenkins  Configure System  Jenkins URL). For more information see Using Single Sign On (SSO).


Allow controllers to opt-out

If you are integrating existing client controllers into operations center, it may be beneficial to allow client controllers to opt-out of the security settings enforcement policy while you decide how to transition their existing configuration to the operations center managed configuration.


Authentication mapping

Select the appropriate default authentication mapping strategy. If you have different classes of controllers you will want to enable per-controller configuration of authentication mapping.

  • Select Trusted controller with equivalent security realm if all controllers are managed by the operations center administrators.

  • Select Restricted controller with equivalent security realm for low risk controllers where the team(s) using the controller have root access to the controller.

  • Select Untrusted controller with equivalent security realm if you have higher risk controllers.

The choice of authentication mapping strategy may affect the ability of some functionality. For example, a controller that has the Untrusted controller with equivalent security realm will only be able to see other client controllers that are visible to unauthenticated users and the remote job trigger functionality from that controller will only be able to trigger jobs that can be triggered by unauthenticated users.

Configuring the security context in Helm charts

Security contexts are a Kubernetes object that defines permissions or capabilities of pods and containers. The securityContext setting allows for a more finely grained security configuration. You can configure the securityContext within the values.yaml file of the Helm chart as shown below.

securityContext: allowPrivilegeEscalation: false readOnlyRootFilesystem: true capabilities: drop: - all